Patient-Centered Security Program (Part 2)

Andy Oram | EMR & HIPPA | August 30, 2016

The previous part of this article laid down a basic premise that the purpose of security is to protect people, not computer systems or data. Let’s continue our exploration of internal threats.

This is a policy issue that calls for involvement by a wide range of actors throughout society, of course. Policy-makers have apparently already decided that it is socially beneficial–or at least the most feasible course economically–for clinicians to share data with partners helping them with treatment, operations, or payment. There are even rules now requiring those partners to protect the data. Policy-makers have further decided that de-identified data sharing is beneficial to help researchers and even companies using it to sell more treatments. What no one admits is that de-identification lies on a slope–it is not an all-or-nothing guarantee of privacy. The more widely patient data is shared, the more risk there is that someone will break the protections, and that someone’s motivation will change from relatively benign goals such as marketing to something hostile to the patient.

There’s good reason to believe that data is safer in the cloud than on local, network-connected systems. For instance, many of the complex technologies mentioned by HIMSS (network monitoring, single sign on, intrusion detection, and so on) are major configuration tasks that a cloud provider can give to its clients with a click of a button. More fundamentally, hospital IT staffs are burdened with a large set of tasks, of which security is one of the lowest-priority because it doesn’t generate revenue. In contrast, IT staff at the cloud environment spend gobs of time keeping up to date on security. They may need extra training to understand the particular regulatory requirements of health care, but the basic ways of accessing data are the same in health care as any other industry. Respondents to the HIMSS survey acknowledged that cloud systems had low vulnerability (p. 6).